Spanish Grammar

Spanish Grammar is the art of speaking and of writing the Spanish language with propriety. It is divided into four parts:


  • Orthography:  It shows the sounds, power, and proper combination of letters, to form syllables or words. The Spanish alphabet is composed of 27 letters and five vowels. The letters are known as consonants because it is impossible to utter them without the assistance of the vowels.

The consonants are divided into mutes, and semi-vowels. Mutes are those letters the sound of which begins with themselves, and the vowel is placed last. They are B, C, D, G, J, K, P, Q, V, and Z. Semi-vowels are those, whose sound cannot be uttered without beginning with a vowel, such as: F, H, L, M, N, Ñ, R, S, and X.


  • Etymology: It treats of words and their derivations; enumerates their different species, and shows their various modifications. Words are divided into primitive and derivative. A primitive word is that which is formed from no other word in the same language; as, cielo, heaven; viento, wind. A derivative is derived from some other word in the language; as celeste, heavenly; ventoso, windy.

The Spanish language is composed of nine different sorts of words called parts of speech: namely, Noun, Article, Adjective, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, and Interjection.


  • Syntax: It is the proper arrangement of the parts of speech, in order to form correct sentences (a sentence is an assemblage of words, forming a complete sense). Syntax consists of two parts, concord and government.

Concord is the agreement which one word has with another, in gender, number, case, or person.

Government is that power which one word has over another, in directing its mood, tense, or case.


  • Prosody: it consists of two parts, the first shows where the accent should be laid in pronouncing a word, and the second establishes the laws of verification. Prosody treats of the accent and the quantity, or the time occupied in the pronunciation of words.

These topics are part of Spanish grammar. Everybody who wants to learn Spanish language as their second or mother tongue must check out each point very well. One will realize that Spanish language is simple to learn after one completes a whole Spanish Grammar course.



Learn more

Demonstrative Adjective

Demonstrative Adjective

Demonstrative adjectives are used to point out someone or something. Spanish uses a singular demonstrative adjective to distinguish a single noun, and a plural demonstrative adjective to distinguish a plural noun.

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

In Spanish there are three kinds of demonstrative Pronouns: este, ese and aquel that refers the position of an object with respect to another thing.

Indefinite Articles in Spanish

Indefinite Articles in Spanish

Indefinite articles precede the nouns they modify and agree with those nouns in number and gender. This kind of articles helps us point non-specific objects.

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Adjectives, in Spanish, are words that show possession and it agrees in gender and number with the noun. This also is used to indicate a relationship of possession or association, usually between a person and a thing.

Spanish Adjectives

Spanish Adjectives

Spanish adjectives are generally placed after the noun they modify and agree with the noun in gender and number. They are very similar to nouns, and often interchangeable with them.

Spanish Adverbs

Spanish Adverbs

In this section you will find the most complete and the best information about Spanish adverbs. Learn all related to Spanish adverbs with useful examples and exercises.

Spanish Articles

Spanish Articles

Spanish articles are masculine or feminine and singular or plural depending on the noun that follows. In Spanish, unlike the English, the indefinite articles have a plural. You can learn more in this section.

Spanish Auxiliary Verbs

Spanish Auxiliary Verbs

In Spanish we can find three auxiliary verbs, these are: haber, ser and estar. In this section you will learn the rules to use the auxiliary verbs as well as some useful examples.

Spanish Compound Verbs

Spanish Compound Verbs

Spanish compound verbs consist of two verbs: an auxiliary verbs and a main verb. This structure helps us make sentences in different tense with a whole sense.

Spanish Conjugation

Spanish Conjugation

Did you know that In Spanish, there are six different verb endings for each verb tense? In this section you will find the most complete information about Spanish conjugation.

Spanish Conjunction

Spanish Conjunction

Spanish conjunction helps us join two sentences. These special words can join words, sentences, and clauses. There are many kinds of Spanish conjunctions; you can learn more about them by reading this section.

Spanish Definite Article

Spanish Definite Article

Most times Definite article is confusing specially for beginning students. So, if you are beginner in Spanish language, this section will resolve all your doubts and questions.

Spanish Determiner

Spanish Determiner

A Spanish determiner is an especial word who modifies objects in a sentence. It is an especially complicated structure which has yet been exhaustively studied.

Spanish Exclamation

Spanish Exclamation

Spanish Exclamation expresses sentiments and feelings. In Spanish, an upside-down exclamation point precedes the exclamation, and a regular exclamation point follows the exclamation.

Spanish Gerund

Spanish Gerund

A Spanish gerund is called a gerundio, and it's also derived from a verb. Unlike in English, the Spanish gerund is never used as a noun subject. You can solve your questions about this topic by reading this section.