Italian Verbs

 

Definition: The verb is the part of speech that describes an action, occurrence or indicates a state of being.

Nobody can deny that if you are learning Italian, one of the most important topics to learn is definitely the verbs. Leaning Italian verbs is very important, because its structure is used in all everyday conversations. As definition says, Italian verbs are very special words that convey state of being or action, for example:

  • Verbs that convey state of being: esistere ---> exist, vivere ---> live
  • Verbs that convey action: leggere ---> read, Correre ---> run, saltare ---> jump, portare ---> bring

Note: It is also important to remember that depending on the language, a verb may vary in form according to many factors such as:

  • Tense
  • Aspect
  • Mood
  • Voice

Verbs also may agree with.

  • Person
  • Gender
  • Number

Examples:

  • Posso accettare che ---> I can accept that
  • (lei) può chiederlo a lui/può chiederglielo ---> she can ask him
  • abbiamo preso in prestito DEL denaro ---> we borrowed Money
  • (loro) sognano quella cosa or lo sognano ---> they dream about it

The features of the verb are:
Persons of the verb: The persons are the different forms of the verb, determined by its grammatical subjects.

Note:This is only a grammatical term, so it is not necessary a human.

  • I ---> The speaker
  • You ---> The person addressed
  • He/She/It ---> The third party
  • We---> The speaker + other people
  • You ---> the people addressed
  • They ---> the third parties

Examples:

  • io sono un medico ---> I’m a doctor.
  • lei è un insegnante ---> She is a teacher.
  • la maggior parte di essi sono studenti universitari ---> Most of them are college students.

The form of the verb: The form indicates the kind of action. In Italian, the form can be:

  • Transitive
  • Active
  • Intransitive
  • Reflexive
  • Passive

The time of the verbs: The time indicates when the action happens.

The manner of the Verb:The manner indicates how the action happens.


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