Italian Sentence

 

As we already know, learning Italian is always a good idea, because it brings many advantages. In the learning process of Italian, there are many important topics we are forced to learn, like verbs, nouns and adjectives, but one of the most important topics is definitely the sentence. In this section, you will find the most complete and useful information about Italian sentence.

In Italian, a sentence is made up of one, two or more clauses.
 

Clause = Subject + Predicate

  • The Subject can be a noun or pronoun.
  • The predicate is what is said about the subject.

Forming simple sentences in Italian is, well, simple. The basic sentence structure is:
 

SUBJECT --> VERB --> OBJECT

Examples:

  • Mario (Subject) parla (Verb) spagnolo (object) --> Mario speaks Spanish.

  • Carlos (Subject) ama (Verb) la princessa (object) --> Carlos loves the princess.

Types of Sentences:

  • Declarative sentences: The Declarative sentences are sometimes referred to as positive sentence, e.g.

    • Carlos sta guardando la TV --> Carlos is watching the TV.
    • Juan ha una macchina --> Juan has a car.
    • Ana e Gianluca non sono di Peru --> Ana and Gianluca are from Peru.

  • Negative Sentences: These sentences express negation, e.g.

    • Mario non voule correre --> Mario does not want to run.
    • Loro non parlano spagnolo --> they do not speak Spanish.

  • Interrogative sentences: These sentences express interrogation, e.g.

    • hai una penna giallo? --> Do you have a yellow pen?
    • Tu sei americano? --> Are you American?
    • Qual è il numero di Martha? --> What is Martha’s number?

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