Italian Nouns

 

According to the definition, nouns are those words that have as main function to denote:

  • Entities. Such as persons, objects and animals.
  • Concepts. Such as situations, abstracts and ideas.

It is also important to remember that nouns are generally used together with articles (la, un, il, i, le, etc.)

Examples:

  • La (article) nuova piccolo (adjectives) auto (noun) --> The new small car.
  • La (article) pizza (noun) calda (adjective) --> The hot pizza.

Note: Remember that the form of the noun is determined by the two grammatical features of gender and number.

Gender:

There are only two genders in Italian, these are:

  • Masculine:The following nouns are Masculine:

    • Those ending in “o”, except: mano --> hand

    • Those ending in “me”, except: arme --> arms,fame --> hunger and speme --> hope

    • Those ending in “re”, except: febbre --> fever, polvere --> dust, scure --> axe and torre --> tower

    • Those ending in “nte”, except: gente --> people, lente --> lentil, mente --> mind and semente --> seed

  • Feminine: The following nouns are Feminine:

    • Those endings in “a” except:

      clima --> climate,
      diadema --> diadem,
      poeta --> poet,
      poema --> poem,
      Pianeta --> planet,
      programma --> programme,
      sistema --> system,
      Tema --> teme and
      stratagemma --> stratagem.

    • All nouns are feminine except those that end in o, me, re, nte.

Number:

Rules: There are some rules to know the number of a noun in Italian.

  • Feminine nouns that end in “a” change the “a” into “e” to become plural.

  • Nouns ending with “io” drop the letter oif the iis not accented.

  • Dissyllable that end in “co” change into “chi” and those that end in “go” change them into and “gli”. However, there are some exceptions such as: porco (pig), Greco (greek) andmago (magician).

  • Those nouns that end in“ca” must change its termination into “che” and those that end in “ga” into “gle”.

  • Those nouns that end in “ie” have no variation in their plural form.

  • Nouns that are accented in the last vowel do not change.

    • caffè : due caffè

    • foto : due foto

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