Italian Definite Articles

 

According to the definition, a definite article (L’articolo Deteminativo) is that one to objects, signal persons, etc in a specific way.

The following table shows the rules for a proper use of definite articles.
 

Before masculine Nouns Singular Plural
Beginning with any vowel l’ gli
Beginning with z or s + consonant lo
Beginning with any other consonant Il i
Before feminine Nouns Singular Plural
Beginning with any vowel l’ le
Beginning with any consonant la


Examples:

 

Singular
lo l’ il la l’
Lo zioàthe uncle l’amicoàthe friend Il padreàthe father La madreàthe mother l’amicaàthe female friend
Lo zeroàthe zero l’peruvianoàthe peruvian Il fratelloàthe brother La sorellaàthe sister l’entrataàthe entrance
Lo sbaglioàthe mistake l’orologioàthe watch Il castelloàthe castle La nonnaàthe grandmother l'acquaàthe water
Plural
gli gli i le le
gli ziiàthe uncles gli amiciàthe friends I padriàthe fathers Le madriàthe mothers le amicheàthe female friends
gli zeriàthe zeroes gli peruvianiàthe Peruvians I fratelliàthe brothers Le sorelleàthe sisters le entranceàthe entrances
gli sbagliàthe mistakes gli orologi àthe watches I castelliàthe castles Le nonneàthe grandmothers le usciteàthe exits


Note: Be careful with feminine nouns beginnings with: “z” or “s” + consonant, you use la.

 

  • La zia --> the aunt.
  • La scuola --> the school.

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