Italian Adjectives


Definition: Adjectives are those words that modify nouns, this means that adjectives are used to describe other words.


Italian adjectives differ a little of English adjectives because Italian adjectives can be placed bout after and before nouns, one the other hand, English adjectives are placed before a noun.



Examples:

  • La città pulita-->The clean city.
  • La pulita città -->The clean city.
  • Il Lupo Cattivo-->The ferocious wolf.
  • Il Cattivo Lupo-->The ferocious wolf.

Endings for adjectives:

  • Adjectives endings in “-o”: As Spanish, in Italian language Adjectives ending in -ohave four forms that need to modify their endings to differentiate them in gender and number.

The following list shows the rules to differentiate an adjective in gender and number.

 

Adjective ending Gender
Masculine Feminine
Number Singular -o -i
Plural -a -e

This is a list with some of the most common adjectives ending in “-o”

 

Italian English
allegro happy
buono kind
cattivo wicked
freddo cold
stretto narrow
grasso fat
nuovo new
setoso silky
sgargiante gaudy
simpatico nice
sincero sincere
sinistro left
nostalgico nostalgic
pieno full

Examples:

 

English Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Beautiful béllo bélla bélli bélle
Learned dótto dótta dótti dótte
Prudent Prudénte Prudénti
happy Felíce Felíci

 

  • Adjectives endings in “-e”: Italian adjectives that end in “-e” do not need to modify their endings for gender. However, their endings change to"i"only depending on the number.

This is a list with some of the most common adjectives ending in “-e”

 

Italian English
affidabile trustworthy
amichevole friendly
audace bold/daring
capace skilled
confidenziale confidential
cortese kind/courteous
debole weak
difficile difficult

Examples:

  • il ragazzoperuviano-->the Peruvian boy
  • la ragazzaperuviano-->the Peruvian girl
  • i ragazziperuviano-->the Peruvian boys
  • le ragazzeperuviano-->the Peruvian girls

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