Greek verbs

 

Verbs in Greek language and all their variations are the object of the study in this part.

 

Greek verbs change their "morphology" according to tense, voice, number, person and mood, while containing the support of the verb.

 

Another difference with English language is that one doesn’t need to prefix a personal pronoun to the verb, because the person is signified by the ending of the verb form. If a pronoun is prefixed, it signifies emphasis on the person.

 

  1. Present Tense
  2. Imperfect Tense
  3. Future Tense
  4. Perfect present Tense
  5. Pluperfect Tense
  6. Future perfect Tense

 

1.       Present(Greek ἐνεστώς"standing within") describes an action which is happening at the time of speaking:

 

ἀνὴρθύειβοῦν.

A man is sacrificing an ox.

 

2.       Imperfect(Greek παρατατικός, from παρατείνω"prolong") describes an action which happened in the past:

 

ἀνὴρθυεβοῦν.

A man used to sacrifice an ox.

 

3.      Future(Greek μέλλων"about to be") describes an action which will happen in the future:

 

ἀνὴρθύσειβοῦν.

A man will sacrifice an ox.

 

4.      Perfect(Greek παρακείμενος"lying nearby") describes a present state resulting from a finished action:

 

ἀνὴρτέθυκεβοῦν.

A man has sacrificed an ox.

 

5.      Pluperfect(Greek ὑπερσυντέλικος"more than completed") describes a past state resulting from a finished action:

 

ἀνὴρτεθύκειβοῦν.

A man had sacrificed an ox.

 

6.      Future Perfect(Greek συντελεσμένοςμέλλων"about to be completed") describes a future state that will result from a finished action:

 

ἀνὴρτεθυκςσταιβοῦν.

A man will have sacrificed an ox.


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