French Sentence

In this opportunity, we will learn everything related to French sentence.  In French, the sentences can be divided into:

1. Statements (Déclarations): Hands down the most common and frequent of all types of sentences; statements are indeed employed to state or declare something, be it affirmative (positive) or otherwise (negative). Examples:

Ma petite amie est de l'Argentine (My girlfriend is from Argentina)

Affirmative sentence where «Ma petite amie» is the subject.

Ma petite amie n'est pas du Paraguay (My girlfriend is not from Paraguay)

Negative sentence where «Ma petite amie» is the subject.


2. Questions (Questions): Used to enquire about something. Questions generally call for replies containing information, but they can also be rhetorical and, in such instances, require action rather than answers on the counterpart. In French, like in English and most other languages, interrogative sentences -as they’re also referred to- carry a question mark instead of a period at the end. It is to be noted, though, that the language’s grammar rules indicate there must be a space between the last word in the question and the mark. For example:


Quel âge a votre sœur ? (How old is your sister?)

Interrogative sentence calling for information.

Tu peux me passer le sel ? (Can you pass me the salt?)

Interrogative sentence calling for an action.


3. Exclamations (Exclamations): Used to interject or declare something in a rather strong manner (and for this reason sometimes considered a variation or subcategory of statements); they carry an exclamation mark at the end, also preceded by a space separating it from the last word in the sentence. Examples:


Ma tête me fait mal ! (My head hurts!)

Exclamative sentence expressing a strong feeling (of discomfort).

Je ne peux pas croire! (I can’t believe it!)           

Exclamative sentence expressing surprise or indignation.


4. Requests, commands, suggestions (demandes,commandes, suggestions): grouped under the umbrella term of “Imperative sentences”; just like declarations (and exclamations) they can be positive or negative. In French, imperative sentences have an implicit subject, which is most often the second person singular. Examples:


Veuillez ne pas fumer ici, s'il vous plaît (Please don’t smoke here). Negative request to an implicit subject in the second person singular.
Allons-y (Let’s go).        

Suggestion or command to an implicit subject in the first person plural.

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