French Tenses

Tense refers to the point in time in which a situation is, has been or will be given, in grammatical terms. In any language, there are three basic tenses, which are past, present and future. French tenses are also much more sensitive to temporal distinctions than are English tenses and there are several different tenses included in several different types of moods. The following is a list ideed sorted by moods:

 

MOOD

INDICATIVE
(Indicatif)

CONDITIONAL
(Conditionnel)

SUBJUNCTIVE
(Subjonctif)

IMPERATIVE
(Imprératif)

INFINITIVE
(Infinitif)

PARTICIPLE
(Participe)

PAST
(Passé)

Past anterior
(Passé antérieur)

 

 

 

 

 

Pluperfect
(Plus-que-parfait)

 

 

 

 

 

Past historic
(Passé simple)

 

 

 

 

 

French Imperfect
(Imparfait)

 

Pluperfect subjunctive
(Plus-que-parfait du subjonctif)

 

 

 

Present perfect
(Passé composé)

Past conditional
(Conditionnel passé)

Past subjunctive
(Passé subjonctif)

 

 

 

Recent past**
(Passé recent)

2nd Past conditional
(Deuxième forme du conditionnel passé)

Imperfect subjunctive
(Subjonctif passé)

Past imperative
(Imperatif passé)

Past infinitive*
(Infinitif passé)

Past participle*
(Participe passé)

PRESENT
(Présent)

Present
(Présent)

Conditional
(Conditionnel)

Subjunctive
(Subjonctif)

Imperative
(Imperatif)

Infinitive*
(Infinitif)

Present participle*
(Participe présent)

FUTURE
(Futur)

Near future**
(Future proche)

 

 

 

 

 

Future
(Futur)

 

 

 

 

 

Future anterior
(Futur antérieur)

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Non-finite / Impersonal forms
**Not usually considered official tenses.


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