French Conjunction

French conjunctions have the function to establish a link between two words or clauses. In French, there are two types of conjunctions

 

1. COORDINATING: These are used to join elements of an equivalent grammatical value within a sentence; for instance, a verb with another verb, a noun phrase with another noun phrase, an adjective with another adjective, etc. Among the most widely-used we can mention: et (and), ou (or), mais (but), ni/ni (neither/nor), puis (then), donc (so), etc. Examples:

 

Julie et Jim s'aiment beaucoup (Julie and Jim love each other a lot).
Ni claudia, ni son frère ont réussi l'examen (Neither Claudia nor her sister passed the exam).
Voulez-vous manger de la pizza ou des pâtes? (Would you like to eat pizza or noodles ?).

 

2. SUBORDINATING: These conjunctions serve as a link between an independent clause (one that makes sense by itself) and a dependent clause (one that needs a prior independent clause in order to make sense). Some of the most widely used conjunctions in French are: que (that), quand (when), parce que (because), puisque (since), depuis que (since – related to time), etc. Examples:

 

C'est drôle que Jean et Marie sont des amis, aussi (It is funny that Jean and Marie are friends, as well).
Rosie est en colère parce que sa voiture est tombé en panne (Rosie is mad because her car is broken).
Depuis que Luois arrivé, elle n'a pas cessé de chercher (Since Louis arrived, she has not stopped looking at him).


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