Arabic Vowels

Arabic language in their grammar has six vowels; which are three short vowels, three long vowels and diphthongs.


The word Panama is written as PNMA but using Arabic Alphabet, the vowel A between P and N and between N and M are omitted, instead they are replaced by small symbols, especially because they are only short vowels, you see the little dashes on the top of P and on the top of N in the image below.

Panama = Pnma = بنما





The word "speed” should be stressed in the vowels “ee” or “loose” the stress in the “oo”, note that these long vowels are also considered some sort of consonants.

Speed = Sped = سرعة

Vowels Letters


In Arabic language a diphthong means two vowels following each other and pronounced as one syllable, Arabic language diphthongs are few. Important diphthongs in formal Arabic are the following:

aw , ay, aaw, aay

So the Arabic word waaw sounds: wow!


  1. Vowel signs "Haraka" also known as short vowels "a" "i" and "u" which are not part of Arabic alphabet, instead they are written as marks over or below the consonant and sometimes over or below a long vowel.
    • Fathah (Zabar) sign; an oblique dash over a consonant represents "a" sound
    • Kasra (Zer) sign;an oblique dash under a consonant represents "i" sound
    • Damma (Pesh) sign; a loop over, resembles like comma, represents "u" sound
  2. Vowels letters long vowels "aa" "ii" and "uu" they’re considered long vowels because of the stress they put on a given vowel; they are represented by the letters 'alif, ' and wāw respectively.
    • Letter Alif which lengthen the Fathah (zaber) "aa"
    • Letter Ya which lengthen the Kasra (Zer) short vowel "ii"
    • Letter Waw which lengthen the Damma (Pesh) short vowel "uu"
  3. Diphthongs Alif and Ya "ay" and Alif and Waw "aw"
    • aw / aaw sound similar to "mount", "doubt" or the German "aus."
    • ay / aay sound similar to "my", "dry" or "Einstein."
    • day = يوم
    • book = كتاب
    • orange =البرتقالي
    • banana = موز
    • red = أحمر

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