Arabic voice



Definition: Arabic voice is generally understood as modeling the particular mapping patterns of semantic roles onto grammatical relations, primarily the traditional relations of subject and object. It means that voice is most frequently, but not exclusively, understood to refer to the semantic relationship of the subject of the verb to the verb.

Arabic language, as English, has Passive and Active Voice.

Active voice: it is the voice that is usually used in conversation and writing. In this voice, the subject noun or pronoun performs the action.

Examples:

  • Peter buys a new car.
  • بيتر يشتري سيارة جديدة.

  • They need much time to finish their homework.
  • يحتاجون الكثير من الوقت لإنهاء واجباتهم المدرسية.

  • You will travel to Arabia the next year.
  • وسوف يسافر الى السعودية في العام المقبل.

  • I speak Arabic very well.
  • وأنا أتكلم العربية بشكل جيد للغاية.

Passive Voice: This voice is not often used to express ideas or to talk. In the passive voice, the subject or subject pronoun is acted upon by another agent, either a person or a thing. Most speakers avoid using this voice.

Examples:

  • The letter was written by my Arab friend.
  • وقد كتب هذه الرسالة من قبل صديقي العربي.

  • Your dog is picking up by Peter’s mother.
  • الكلب الخاص بك هو التقاط من قبل والدة بطرس.

  • Arabic language is widely spoken in Middle East.
  • ويتحدث اللغة العربية على نطاق واسع في منطقة الشرق الأوسط.

  • This book was bought by him.
  • تم شراء هذا الكتاب من قبله.

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